The concept of reservation in India.
■ The reasons for reservation in India are historical.
■ Reservation in India is caste-based.
It is based on caste because some castes didn’t had access to resources (due to social alienation, discrimination, etc.) which are vital for growth & development. Hence, reservation was introduced as an affirmative action by the Govt. to ensure representation of all social groups in positions of power (higher education, government, business, political positions, etc.).
■ Does it breachs the concept of Equality?
No. In fact, it was done to bring equality in the society by pulling up the socially & economically marginalised sections of the society.
Unreserved categories are forward categories i.e. they enjoyed & had the access to resources in the past. It has nothing to do with their present status quo.
■ Reservation is NOT ANTI-POVERTY.
Neither it was intended to be anti-poverty. There are various schemes that cater to the needs of the poor in the country. Reservation is present because apart from being poor SCs, STs, etc. face discrimination to which general castes are not subjected to.
■ Reforms in Reservations.
Just as in OBCs there are CL (Creamy Layer) & NCL (Non-Creamy Layer) where only NCL enjoy reservations i.e. you enjoy reservation only when your parents is below the threshold income.
Such demarcation should also be introduced in SCs & STs to check “same people benefitting from the reservation” generations over generations. It deprives the other people of the same community to benefit from reservation.
■ Reservation for women.
It becomes easier to understand the concept of reservation if you look at the case of women reservation. It has no income criteria because they were subjected to discrimination & subjugation due to society being patriarchal & hence only men had access to resources like capital, land, education, etc.
With Great Love,
Er. Amit Yadav